Following a subtle trail of artifacts, a Canadian archaeologist searches for a lost chapter of New World history.
Unearthing what she believes to be a Viking outpost, archaeologist Patricia Sutherland (in orange jacket) and her colleagues work in Baffin Island’s Tanfield Valley, which offered turf for sod shelters and a harbor for ships.
- On Baffin Island, archaeologists discovered cordage made the Viking way, as well as other evidence of European contact.
- Did Vikings use these notched sticks to record trade transactions? Patricia Sutherland thinks so.
- Whetstones discovered on Baffin Island and at other sites in the Canadian Arctic bear clear evidence of Viking technology. Wear grooves harbor traces of bronze, brass, and smelted iron—materials made by Viking metal smiths but unknown among the Arctic’s native inhabitants.Photo by David Coventry
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